Vergina. Macedonia. Greece. View of the ruins and foundations of the vast Palace of Palatitsia at the archaeological site of Vergina. Dating from the 4th century BC, the palace is one of the largest buildings of ancient Greece. The building was entered via a monumental Propylon on a two–storeyed east side, which led to a large square open court with a Doric colonnaded. Rooms around the courtyard included the tholos, dedicated to the cult of Herakles Patroos, mythical ancestor of the Macedonian Kings. Several splendid pebble mosaics have been unearthed here as well. Vergina is Ancient Aigai, capital of ancient Macedonia prior to being transferred Pella at the end of the 5th century BC. Aigai remained a sanctuary and summer retreat and a royal burial place. The archaeological site of Vergina is a Unesco World Heritage Site.
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